Author: Mario Fidalgo
Politiques migratoires en Amérique Latine entre 2010 et 2020 et choix du Brésil comme pays dedestination par les migrants haïtiens
Auteurs: Pierre Rigaud DUBUISSON
Author: Olriche Fortin
The COVID-19 pandemic, to a certain extent, has laid bare the challenges health systems in many countries face during a crisis of such great magnitude. As a case in point, one only needs to consider the rapid spread of the virus and its death toll in certain countries in the global North.
Auteur: Olriche Fortin
La migration de retour forcée au temps du COVID-19 en Haïti met à l’épreuve un
système de santé déjà fragile.
Authors: Toni Cela and Louis Herns Marcelin
Migration has always featured prominently in Haiti’s history. At times forced, as in the case of sociopolitical repression and the aftermath of disasters, induced to fulfil labour and workforce needs in the Caribbean (Cuba, Panama, the Dominican Republic, among others); and, in other periods, voluntary as in the circulatory movement recorded in the Caribbean, South and North America. Over the past several decades, migration in Haiti has evolved from a survival strategy for individual migrants and their families to now buttressing the local economy through the transfer of remittances. This reality was made evident during the 2010 earthquake rebuilding effort when the Haitian diaspora identified itself as Haiti’s “single largest donor” citing “the magnitude of its remittances to the Haitian Republic and how those contributions totalling [USD] $2 billion dollars annually allot[ed] for 30% of the GNP...”
Remittance transfers to Haiti have continued to grow over the past decade, the lion’s share of funds originating in countries throughout the Americas, particularly the United States, where the majority of Haitians have settled. Yet, the global economic crisis brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic poses a serious threat to the global remittance economy. For Haiti, reduction in remittances will further weaken an already feeble economy while negatively impacting the livelihood and health of families and communities.
Auteurs: Toni Cela & Olriche Fortin
Centre Migration pour l’Égalité et le Développement (MIDEQ), Institut Interuniversitaire de Recherche et Développement (INURED), Port-au-Prince, Haïti
La pandémie COVID-19 a tiré la sonnette d'alarme pour beaucoup. Au fil des jours, nous constatons l'importance des filets de sécurité sociale tels que l'éducation et l'accès aux soins de santé, comment les environnements construits et naturels peuvent faciliter ou nuire à la santé, et comment un leadership efficace peut sauver des vies. Plus important encore, malgré les nombreuses frontières érigées pour nous séparer les nations, cette pandémie nous rappelle l'interdépendance de l'humanité.
Authors: Toni Cela & Olriche Fortin
The COVID-19 global pandemic has served as a wake-up call for many. With each passing day, we witness the importance of social safety nets such as education and access to healthcare, how the built and natural environments can facilitate or hinder health, and how effective leadership can save lives. Most importantly, despite the many boundaries and borders erected to separate ourselves from others, this global pandemic reminds us of the interconnectedness of humankind.